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Scala How-To: Creating and Using Case Classes

18 April 2023

Scala How-To: Creating and Using Case Classes

In Scala, case classes are a type of class that are commonly used to represent immutable data. They are designed to make it easy to create and manipulate objects that hold a set of values. In this guide, we'll provide step-by-step instructions and code examples for creating and using case classes in Scala.

Step 1: Creating a Case Class To create a case class in Scala, we use the case keyword followed by the class keyword, and then the name of the class. Here's an example:


case class Person(name: String, age: Int)

In this example, we've created a case class named Person with two fields: name (of type String) and age (of type Int).

Step 2: Instantiating a Case Class Once we've created a case class, we can create instances of it using the new keyword, just like we would with a regular class. Here's an example:

val person = Person("John Doe", 30)

In this example, we've created a new instance of the Person case class and assigned it to the variable person. We pass in the values for the name and age fields as parameters to the case class constructor.

Step 3: Accessing Fields in a Case Class To access the fields in a case class, we use dot notation. Here's an example:


val name = val age = person.age

In this example, we've assigned the value of the name field in the person case class to the variable name, and the value of the age field to the variable age.

Step 4: Copying a Case Class Case classes are immutable, so once we've created an instance of a case class, we can't change its values. However, we can create a copy of the case class with updated values using the copy method. Here's an example:


val updatedPerson = person.copy(age = 31)

In this example, we've created a new instance of the Person case class with the age field updated to 31. The name field remains the same as the original person instance.

Step 5: Use Cases for Case Classes Case classes are commonly used in Scala for representing immutable data. Here are some common use cases for case classes:

  • Data modeling: When modeling data in an application, case classes are a good way to represent objects with a set of values.
  • Message passing: When passing messages between different parts of an application, case classes can be used to represent the message with a set of values.
  • Pattern matching: Case classes are often used in pattern matching to destructure an object into its constituent parts.

Step 6: Conclusion In this guide, we explored how to create and use case classes in Scala. We provided step-by-step instructions and code examples to help you get started with this important aspect of Scala programming. By mastering case classes, you'll be able to create and manipulate objects with a set of values in an efficient and effective way.

here is some official documentation on Scala that you can use as reference for your blog post:

  1. Official Scala website:

  2. Scala documentation:

  3. Scala API documentation:

  4. Scala School: A collection of tutorials and resources for learning Scala:

  5. Coursera Scala courses:

  6. Functional Programming in Scala Specialization on Coursera:

These resources provide information on the basics of Scala programming, advanced Scala programming techniques, and specific aspects of Scala such as functional programming. Additionally, they include online courses and tutorials that can help beginners and advanced programmers alike to learn and improve their Scala programming skills.

About the author: Daniel West
Tech Blogger & Researcher for JBI Training

+44 (0)20 8446 7555

[email protected]



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