"There are so many details covered. I feel I am now comfortable with looking after PCI-DSS environments. Really enjoyed the hands-on XSS attacks and security threat modelling."
AR, Lead Technical Architect, PCI DSS, April 2021
This PCI/DSS Secure coding training course is workshop-style led by an AppSec expert and delivers security focused and customised guidance on how to secure Applications (from code to cloud), covering the technology stack currently used by the delegates (web, mobile, cloud,.NET, java, php, android, node, etc...).
A highly popular course with plenty of discussion, demos and interactive Labs to demonstrate the issues faced by modern software development teams. It is Expert-Led and has a high level of discussion, demos and intearaction with the delegates.
An optional threat modelling session can also precede the course delivery.
This interactive, lab-focused, workshop-style course will provide delegates with a sound understanding on how to build secure applications. Delegates should come in with an open mind to structure, as many of the topics below will be exposed and discussed in the context of sites and applications being analysed, rather than in the strict sequence below.
The course is designed to cover at least the OWASP top 10 and the Secure Application Development part of PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard). Usually (based on delegate’s current focus) a number of other areas are covered, like for example: Unit/Integration Testing, Static Analysis tools, Penetration Testing, Code Reviews, Secure coding in Agile environments, Self-Defending applications, PHP Security, Security as a key component of Continuous Deployment/Delivery.
Common tools and techniques for Developers to use in their day-to-day Agile environment to help test that their applications are robust and capable of withstanding common threats
What matters for PCI DSS compliance and Privacy considerations
Although secure coding is a large part of the course, there will be the opportunity to learn and write exploits around multiple OWASP Top 10 vulnerabilities (like XSS, CSRF, SQL Injection or Indirect Object Reference).
The workshop will simulate a real-world Threat Modeling session, with (ideally) the target being a application currently maintained by some (or all) of the attending delegates.
A very common outcome is that new high-risk vulnerabilities are discovered during the course (the backup plan is to use vulnerable-by-design demo applications, but the learning impact is not the same as when the delegates see real-world vulnerabilities in their applications).
The course will use the OWASP Top 10 Most Critical Web Application Security Risks as a framework for the course.
A1 – Injection
A2 – Broken Authentication and Session Management
A3 – Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
A4 – Broken Access Control (Original category in 2003/2004)
A5 – Security Misconfiguration
A6 – Sensitive Data Exposure
A7 – Insufficient Attack Protection (NEW)
A8 – Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
A9 – Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities
A10 – Underprotected APIs (NEW)
Note - the Original OWASP TOP 10 - 2013 list is referenced with 2017 used for currency.
Injection flaws, such as SQL, OS, and LDAP injection occur when untrusted data is sent to an interpreter as part of a command or query. The attacker’s hostile data can trick the interpreter into executing unintended commands or accessing data without proper authorization.
Application functions related to authentication and session management are often not implemented correctly, allowing attackers to compromise passwords, keys, or session tokens, or to exploit other implementation flaws to assume other users’ identities.
XSS flaws occur whenever an application takes untrusted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation or escaping. XSS allows attackers to execute scripts in the victim’s browser which can hijack user sessions, deface web sites, or redirect the user to malicious sites.
Restrictions on what authenticated users are allowed to do are not properly enforced. Attackers can exploit these flaws to access unauthorized functionality and/or data, such as access other users' accounts, view sensitive files, modify other users’ data, change access rights, etc.
Good security requires having a secure configuration defined and deployed for the application, frameworks, application server, web server, database server, and platform. Secure settings should be defined, implemented, and maintained, as defaults are often insecure. Additionally, software should be kept up to date.
Many web applications do not properly protect sensitive data, such as credit cards, tax IDs, and authentication credentials. Attackers may steal or modify such weakly protected data to conduct credit card fraud, identity theft, or other crimes. Sensitive data deserves extra protection such as encryption at rest or in transit, as well as special precautions when exchanged with the browser.
The majority of applications and APIs lack the basic ability to detect, prevent, and respond to both manual and automated attacks. Attack protection goes far beyond basic input validation and involves automatically detecting, logging, responding, and even blocking exploit attempts. Application owners also need to be able to deploy patches quickly to protect against attacks.
A CSRF attack forces a logged-on victim’s browser to send a forged HTTP request, including the victim’s session cookie and any other automatically included authentication information, to a vulnerable web application. This allows the attacker to force the victim’s browser to generate requests the vulnerable application thinks are legitimate requests from the victim.
Components, such as libraries, frameworks, and other software modules, almost always run with full privileges. If a vulnerable component is exploited, such an attack can facilitate serious data loss or server takeover. Applications using components with known vulnerabilities may undermine application defenses and enable a range of possible attacks and impacts.
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